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Derecho Económico y Comercial / Economic and Commercial Law

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La Audiencia Provincial de Madrid condena a AMAZON por prácticas desleales en el mercado de libros

Fuente: Noticias Jurídicas

26 de mayo, 2020

-España-

 La Audiencia Provincial de Madrid ha condenado a Amazon a cesar su campaña “NOS UNEN MILLONES DE LIBROS” por vulnerar las normas de competencia. La compañía entregaba un cheque regalo de 5€ por compras superiores a 20€ en libros que podían ser canjeados en la compra de cualquier otro producto, incluidos libros. Una práctica que, a ojos de la Audiencia, perjudica ilegalmente a los pequeños competidores del sector. 

El Tribunal declara que dicha campaña constituye un acto de competencia desleal por violación de normas que regulan la actividad concurrencial, concretamente la Ley del Libro, pues con esta promoción Amazon se ha prevalido de una significativa ventaja competitiva en el mercado con una evidente violación del sistema de precio fijo y limitación de descuento.

La Sala parte de la aplicación al presente supuesto del art. 15.2 de la Ley de Competencia Desleal que, como señala el Tribunal Supremo, protege la igualdad de los concurrentes, que deben actuar en igualdad de condiciones y no desde posiciones concurrenciales aventajadas, obtenidas por la infracción de las normas reguladoras del mercado. Precisamente, las normas relativas al precio fijo y a los límites de los descuentos y la que establece la prohibición de utilizar libros como reclamo comercial tienen por objeto regular la actividad concurrencial.

La sentencia entiende que la entrega de cheques regalo que pueden ser canjeados en posteriores adquisiciones de libros constituye una modalidad de descuento, descuento que, además, supera el máximo autorizado por la Ley del Libro, lo que constituye una infracción de su art. 9, apartado 3.

En un supuesto similar al presente, el Tribunal Supremo declaró que el sistema de entrega de “puntos” en la adquisición de libros para canjearlos en compras de libros posteriores constituye una modalidad de descuento, si bien no en la primera transacción, pero sí en las sucesivas, constituyendo esta conducta una violación de sistema de precio fijo y limitación de descuento mediante una ventaja significativa en un aspecto tan relevante en el mercado como es el precio de los productos (STS 526/2013, de 6 de septiembre, caso “Cooperativa Ábacus”).

No obstante, la Audiencia no estima que la entrega del cheque incurra también en la prohibición de utilizar los libros como reclamo comercial para la venta de productos de naturaleza distinta porque lo que se promociona con el cheque regalo es la venta de libros, no de otros productos. Con el cheque no se está promocionando la venta de otros productos ni las ventas de otros productos se asocian a libros como reclamo de las ventas.

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Reminder: Call for Contributions to the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee on Current levels of representation of women in human rights organs and mechanisms

Source: International Law Grrls

May 26, 2020

 Just a reminder that the deadline established by the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee to receive contributions and inputs from relevant stakeholders, including Member States, international and regional organizations, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the special procedures, national human rights institutions, civil society and academic institutions, for its report on Current levels of representation of women in human rights organs and mechanisms is 29 May 2020. This is a great  opportunity to contribute to the debate on improving gender balance in international courts and organs.

In June 2019, the Human Rights Council adopted Resolution 41/6, in which it requested the Advisory Committee to prepare a report, in close cooperation with the Working Group on Discrimination against Women (WGDLP) and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, on current levels of representation of women in human rights organs and mechanisms such as the Advisory Committee, the treaty bodies and the special procedures established by the Human Rights Council.

The report is set to include good practices by States in nominating, electing and appointing candidates to ensure balanced gender representation, in line with the system-wide strategy on gender parity, and recommendations to assist the Council and Member States in this regard. The Rapporteur of the Advisory Committee leading the drafting of the report is Professor Elizabeth Salmon from Peru.

The GQUAL Campaign worked with the WGDLP and the Mission of Mexico in Geneva to craft language for this resolution to promote gender balance at the United Nations human rights organs and mechanisms.

For more information on the Resolution and the questionnaire to guide the contributions and views, click here. Contributions must be submitted to the Secretariat of the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee at hrcadvisorycommittee@ohchr.org

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Research Assistant Vacancy (ERC / UCL Laws – “State Silence” Project).

Source: Ejil Talk

May 24, 2020

 A full time Research Assistant position is available as part of an exciting new research project on ‘The Silence of States in International Law’. The project, led by the Principal Investigator (PI), Dr. Danae Azaria, Associate Professor at UCL Laws, is funded by the European Research Council (ERC), and its goal is to understand the legal significance and effects of the silence of States in relation to the sources of international law, State responsibility and international dispute settlement. The post is available from 1 September 2020 for 2 years. This is a unique opportunity to assist the PI on a project with global outreach, and to acquire invaluable research experience on a general international law subject that transcends all fields of international law. Deadline for applications is 31 May 2020. For job description and person specification, and to apply, visit here.

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Call for Papers: Global Public-Private Law Approaches to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Source: Internationa Law Reporter

May 22, 2020

The School of Law of the Singapore Management University has issued a call for papers for a virtual conference on “Global Public-Private Law Approaches to the COVID-19 Pandemic,” on September 10, 2020. The call is here.

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Call for Papers: Imperial Artefacts: History, Law, and the Looting of Cultural Property

Source: Interntational Law Reporter

May 26, 2020

 A call for papers has been issued for a conference on “Imperial Artefacts: History, Law, and the Looting of Cultural Property,” to be held January 28-29, 2021, in Leiden. The call is here.

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Call for Session Ideas: 2021 ASIL Annual Meeting

Source: International Law Reporter

May 29, 2020

 The American Society of International Law has issued a call for session ideas for its 115th Annual Meeting, which will take place March 24-27, 2021, in Washington, DC. The conference theme is: “Reconceiving International Law: Creativity in Times of Crisis.” The deadline is July 17, 2020. Here’s the call:

Reconceiving International Law: Creativity in Times of Crisis

In these extraordinary times, dramatic shifts in global health, the global economy, and geopolitical power structures are forcing human beings to adapt and evolve. These shifts require us to revisit the operation of the legal, political, and conceptual structures of our international order, and to examine the possibility — and perhaps necessity — of creating new norms, tools, and paradigms.

Today’s health and economic crises are having a profound impact on the rule of law, human security, and the environment; human rights and gender equality; international business and trade; and virtually all other aspects of society. These effects are being exacerbated by the differing approaches that governments, international organizations, and private actors have taken toward international problem-solving. Although our instinct may be to strive to return to “normalcy” in all these areas, we may need to invent a new normal. The current moment thus gives rise to both unprecedented challenges and unique opportunities to reconsider and potentially to reshape international law and international institutions.

The 2021 Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law will provide a forum to think critically and creatively about all fields of international law. Sessions will present a broad range of perspectives on innovative ways to address emerging issues, to improve global governance, and to tackle international problems. More than ever, it is a time to come together as international law scholars and practitioners, and to challenge ourselves to imagine a new way forward.

Thematic Tracks:

  • International Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Criminal Justice
  • Transnational Litigation, Arbitration, and Dispute Resolution
  • International Trade, Investment, and Finance
  • International Organizations, Global Governance, and Global Health
  • Security, Foreign Relations, and Use of Force
  • Environment, Sea, Space, and Sustainable Development

Call for Session Ideas

To suggest an idea for the 2021 Annual Meeting, please select the “Idea Submission” tab and complete the form found there by no later than July 17, 2020.

Click to Access Proposal Form

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Call for Submissions: Military Law and the Law of War Review / Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre

Source: International Law Reporter

May 29, 2020

 The Military Law and the Law of War Review / Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre has issued a call for submissions for its upcming issues, which will be published under a new collaboration with Edward Elgar Publishing. Here’s the call:

Edward Elgar Publishing is proud to announce an exciting new collaboration with the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War to publish The Military Law and the Law of War Review / Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre (MLLWR).

MLLWR is a long-established journal with a rich history of specialisation in matters of interest for both legal scholars and civilian and military legal advisors. It features original and challenging articles, case notes, commentaries of the latest legal developments, as well as book reviews.

For its coming issues (Vol 58 – 1 and 2) – the first to be published pursuant to a new partnership agreement with Edward Elgar Publishing – the Review’s editorial board welcomes submissions that come within the broader scope of the Review, including military law, law of armed conflict, law on the use of force, as well as international criminal law and human rights law (inasmuch as related to situations of armed conflict).

The deadline for submission is 1 July 2020. Submissions should be sent to mllwr@ismllw.org and will be subject to double-blind peer review.

Articles should normally not be longer than 15,000 words (footnotes included), although longer pieces may exceptionally be considered. Inquiries as to whether a possible submission comes within the scope of the Review can be sent to the above mentioned email address.

This first Elgar issue will be launched in print and online in Autumn 2020.

The Editors