Sobre los nuevos procesos constituyentes en Nuestra América existen diferentes tesis de interpretación de sus alcances y limitantes, así como de las cartas fundamentales que estarían incluidas en el mismo. Más allá de lo que puede plantearse desde las diferentes interpretaciones del fenómeno constituyente, consideramos que las Cartas Políticas de Venezuela (1999), Ecuador (2008) y Bolivia (2009) representan una ruptura con el anterior constitucionalismo que se había dado en la región, tanto por sus contenidos, como por el origen democrático que tuvieron, que rompió con la tendencia a la producción de constituciones soportadas en pactos entre partidos y élites políticas, y porque fundamentalmente estas nuevas cartas vienen de la mano de las clases subalternas y del arribo al poder de una “renovada y policromática izquierda”
Considerando la actualidad e importancia político-académica del tema y la poca literatura que sobre los nuevos procesos constituyentes se ha producido desde Colombia3, la revista El Otro Derecho presenta al público este número titulado Debates constitucionales en Nuestra América. Enfoques y tendencias, primero de dos números que abordarán los cambios constitucionales recientes en la región.
Deseamos que este número contribuya a juristas, académicos y muy especialmente al movimiento social, al entendimiento y la mirada crítica de los cambios recientes en las democracias y en las constituciones en Nuestra América, reconociendo que fundamentalmente los avances y derroteros emancipatorios de estos procesos dependen de los más altos niveles de participación de las clases subalternas; de igual forma, es claro que del rumbo que tomen Venezuela, Ecuador y Bolivia, se desprenden grandes definiciones regionales.
No podíamos cerrar esta presentación sin compartir con los lectores nuestra alegría por los 25 años de nuestra revista, cuyo primer número circuló en agosto de 1988. El Otro Derecho surgió ante la necesidad de contar en América Latina y el Caribe con un órgano de difusión de las reflexiones críticas del derecho y del accionar de los grupos de servicios legales alternativos. Hoy la idea inicial sigue vigente y el necesario ejercicio de autoevaluación nos lleva a señalar que –a pesar de las dificultades de la producción de una publicación periódica– esta apuesta ha sido desarrollada a cabalidad.
Colección de Conflictos Socioterritoriales | Empresas versus Derechos Humanos
Fuente: Instituto Latinoamericano para una sociedad y un derecho alternativos
El Instituto Latinoamericano para una Sociedad y un Derecho Alternativos, ILSA tiene el gusto de presentar la colección Conflictos socioterritoriales, empresas versus Derechos Humanos. Dicha Colección se encuentra dirigida a analizar y visibilizar las diferentes problemáticas e impactos en las comunidades y sus territorios a causa de la acción de empresas cuyos proyectos extractivos ponen en cuestión los derechos humanos desde una perspectiva integral y la permanencia digna en el territorio.
Actualmente lanzamos ésta colección con tres estudios de caso en la región central del país. El primero analiza el caso del Sumapaz, cuyo río se encuentra en la mira para ser intervenido a través de la puesta en marcha del proyecto hidroeléctrico “El paso” que tiene influencia sobre Cabrera, Venecia, Pandi e Icononzo, municipios que se encuentran ubicados en la cuencia media del río Sumapaz. El segundo (caso Tolima) ubicado en el municipio de Chaparral, el cual identifica y analiza los diferentes impactos ocasionados por la hidroeléctrica del río Amoyá que comenzó a operar desde el año 2013 por parte de ISAGEN en el corregimiento de Las Hermosas del municipio de Chaparral-Tolima y por último, el caso de Tasco en el departamento de Boyacá, el cual analiza e identifica los impactos y las diferentes estrategias de resistencia frente a la explotación minera a gran escala.
Estos estudios se enmarcan en el proyecto “Desarrollo de capacidades socio-jurídicas y políticas para enfrentar conflictos socio-territoriales que afectan a los derechos humanos y a la economía campesina, como contribución a la construcción de la paz en la región central de Colombia”; financiado por MISEREOR.
United Nations Celebrates Family Diversity
Fuente: Human Rights Watch
(New York) – Representatives of United Nations member countries and nongovernmental organizations celebrated Human Rights Day at UN headquarters in New York with a panel discussion, Human Rights Watch said today. The topics were family diversity, and the need to provide protection for families threatened because of their diversity and for individual family members.
The event was organized and hosted by the LGBT Core Group, a cross-regional group of LGBT-friendly governments, the European Union, Human Rights Watch, and the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission.
In his message, UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson said: “[F]or far too long, LGBT people have been made to feel like lesser human beings, as if their lives were not as valuable as everybody else’s. Such discrimination, and the silence around it, was and is a disgrace.”
Thomas Roberts, MSNBC television journalist, moderated the panel discussion, “Love is a Family Value: Supporting All Families and Family Members.” It included a Zambian LGBT advocate, Dr. Kapya Kaoma; a leading St. Lucia LGBT rights activist, Kenita Placide; the executive director of the San Francisco Human Rights Commission, Theresa Sparks; and the singer-songwriter Mary Lambert.
The panelists said that greater respect and tolerance for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people is indispensable to efforts to promote and protect the family. They said policymakers could help combat discrimination within families and encourage acceptance of LGBTI family members. The panelists also addressed the issue of how governments and lawmakers can ensure that no one suffers discrimination because of the composition of their family.
Over the last year, there has been a heightened level of discussion at the UN about how countries can best meet their obligations to protect members of diverse families.
“It was important to have a discussion at the UN focusing on the essence of family protection – how to protect individual family members, recognizing that families come in all shapes and sizes,” said Graeme Reid, LGBT rights director at Human Rights Watch.
The LGBT Core Group is a cross regional group that includes Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Croatia, El Salvador, France, Israel, Japan, Montenegro, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, the United Kingdom, the United States, Uruguay, and the European Union, as well as the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Human Rights Watch, and the International Gay and Lesbian human Rights Commission.
New Issue: Journal of Human Rights
Fuente: International Law Reporter
The latest issue of the Journal of Human Rights (Vol. 13, no. 4, 2014) is out. Contents include:
• Ludvig Beckman, The Right to Democracy and the Human Right to Vote: The Instrumental Argument Rejected
• Rob Clark, A Tale of Two Trends: Democracy and Human Rights, 1981–2010
• Mathew Davies, States of Compliance?: Global Human Rights Treaties and ASEAN Member States
• Alejandro Anaya Muñoz, Communicative Interaction Between Mexico and Its International Critics Around the Issue of Military Jurisdiction: “Rhetorical Action” or “Truth Seeking Arguing”?
• Arelí Valencia, Human Rights Trade-Offs in a Context of “Systemic Lack of Freedom”: The Case of the Smelter Town of La Oroya, Peru
• Annabelle Mooney, “Corporeal Mentality”: The Book of Blood, Universal Human Rights, and the Body
• Victor O. Ayeni, Ombudsmen as Human Rights Institutions
• Rebecca Sanders, Legal Frontiers: Targeted Killing at the Borders of War
Call for Papers: Making International Custom More Tangible
Fuente: International Law Reporter
The McCoubrey Centre for International Law at the University of Hull Law School has issued a call for papers for its second conference for research students and early career researchers, which will take place July 2-3, 2015. The topic is “Making International Custom More Tangible.” Here’s the call:
University of Hull
MCCOUBREY CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL LAW
2nd Conference for Research Students and Early Career Researchers:
‘Making International Custom More Tangible’
2 & 3 July 2015
Sir Michael Wood
Special Rapporteur of the International Law Commission on the
Formation and Evidence of Customary International Law
The McCoubrey Centre for International Law is hosting its second conference for research students and early career scholars. The conference will address questions surrounding the enduring, and yet topical issue of customary international law.
The role and function of custom has provided fertile ground for academic debate for as long as States have existed – and for even longer if one considers that this is a concept inherent in all societies. Every student of international law must come quickly to terms with the complexities of how customary international law is made, understand the meaning and significance of authoritative decisions of international tribunals, and become familiar with the vast and varied literature on the subject. Equally, commentators and practitioners must become adept at turning such understanding to their advantage when applying it to concrete questions about the substance of international law. Although custom is absolutely necessary, it remains a problematic source of international law, and one which offers little legal certainty.
In 2012, the International Law Commission placed the topic of ‘Formation and Evidence of Customary International Law’ on its agenda, with the aim of addressing the ‘methodological question of the identification of existence and content of the rules of customary international law’. In 2014, the ILC examined 11 draft conclusions produced by its Special Rapporteur, Sir Michael Wood. Whilst there was general agreement about the two-element approach to custom, a number of other important questions were raised for consideration:
• How should practice from different parts of the world be treated?
• How much reliance should be placed upon the jurisprudence of the ICJ?
• When a rule of custom is disputed, who has the burden of proof?
• What meaning attaches to the constituent elements of custom?
• What role do international organisations play in the process?
• What does opinio juris mean?
• How do we account for ‘deviant’ State practice?
Beyond these specific questions, more general and, perhaps, fundamental questions about the function of customary international law persist. For example, what is the appropriate methodology for the study and identification of custom? Is it truly a source of positive international law? How does it relate to and/or interact with other sources of international law? From where does the normative power of custom stem? Is the theory of persistent objection a valid international law rule – and, if so, what is its practical effect? What does sive necessitatis mean with regard to opinio juris? What are the roles of judges and courts/tribunals in custom making? Is regional custom a source of fragmentation in the international legal order? Is the process of custom-making common to all regimes of international law? In what way do human rights have an impact on the development of custom? Is custom one of the ingredients of the constitutionalisation of international law? Does custom still exert a universalising force? To what extent can custom generate the carefully calibrated or differentiated rules of law required by the international community? Can rules of custom originating in behavioural patterns secure compliance during their formative (and summative) stages? How can other disciplines contribute to our understanding of custom in international law?
The principal aims of the McCoubrey Centre Conference are to promote wider debate on the issues being addressed by the ILC, to stimulate research on the topic by younger academics, and to contribute to a wider understanding of the foundations and function of customary international law in the 21st century.
In light of the above, the conference themes are:
• What role can and should custom play in the making of international law?
• The normative foundations of custom (i.e. what makes custom law)
• Evidential requirements for customary international law (e.g. constituent elements, context, and burden of proof)
• The role of national and international courts in the creation of customary rules
• The role of non-State actors in the development of customary international law
• Regional variations in the process/content of customary international law
• Variations in the ‘method’ of customary international law in different fields/regimes of international law
• Interdisciplinary approaches to custom
In addition to considering these themes, proposals are welcomed on other topics, including: the scope of the ILC’s programme; the changing function of custom; the relationship between custom and other sources of international law, and the place of custom in the theories of international law.
All panels will be chaired by leading academics, who will be invited to comment on the papers.
Interested participants should provide an abstract of no more than 500 words by 15 February 2015. Abstracts shall be uploaded on the conference’s webpage at [www.hull.ac.uk/mccoubrey2015]. If you wish to discuss topics or ideas informally please contact Dr. Vassilis P. Tzevelekos at [email@example.com].
Speakers will be informed of acceptance of their papers by 6 March 2015, and will be expected to submit either a full or outline paper by 1 June. Presentations should be no longer than 20 minutes in duration.
Speakers will be required to pay a £20 conference participation fee, and will also be required to meet the cost of travel and accommodation.
Selected papers will appear in a volume edited by the McCoubrey Centre for International Law.
Abstract submission by: 15 February 2015
Selection of papers by: 6 March 2015
Submission of conference papers by: 1 June 2015
Professor Richard Barnes, Professor Lindsay Moir, Dr. Vassilis P. Tzevelekos, Dr Carmino Massarella, Ms Mercedes Rosello.
Call for Papers: Taming Power in Times of Globalization: What Role for Human Rights?
Fuente: International Law Reporter
A call for papers has been issued for a conference on “Taming Power in Times of Globalization: What Role for Human Rights?,” to take place November 30-December 1, 2015, at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland Galway. Here’s the call:
Call for Papers
Taming Power in Times of Globalization:
What Role for Human Rights?
Monday, 30 November 2015, and Tuesday, 01 December 2015.
Irish Centre for Human Rights
National University of Ireland Galway
The ways power is exercised today at the global level seems to be qualitatively different, demanding new responses from international law and other relvant disciplines. In particular, it seems that today the exercise of power at the global level is less controllable, less subject to restraints and checks than some decades ago. Global governance, international or global constitutionalism, legal pluralism are terms indicating some of the ways developed in the scholarship to comprehend, analyse and respond to challenges posed by the contemporary forms of exercise of power at the global level.
Human rights are featured prominently in the Western thought as hallmarks of protection of individuals against the arbitrary exercise of power.
Human rights form today a core of any Western constitutional order. However, the role of international human rights as mechanisms for controlling exercise of power at the global level is articulated only rudimentarily. The conference aims at providing a forum for discussion about the place of human rights in current discourses on globalization. Instead of assuming that human rights are a proof of the possibility to control power at the global level, the conference aims at examining this premise from a variety of perspectives.
The following are some of the questions the organizers would like to see addressed.
• What human rights are part of international constitutional order?
• How legal pluralism/global governance/various theories of constitutionalism conceive the role of human rights as a mechanism for limiting exercise of power at the global level?
• What are the consequences of different answers?
• How precisely human rights as guarantees against arbitrary exercise of power function within different visions?
• Are there any alternatives available to the human rights language?
• Can other mechanism of control over arbitrary exercise of power at the international/global level be imagined?
Contributions can address these and other related issues from a variety of perspectives, both theoretical and empirical. Critical and interdisciplinary approaches are particularly encouraged. Contributions examining relavant issues from a historical perspective, or integrating experience of non western legal traditions are also welcome.
Contributions will be selected following a peer-review process. The selection will be based on the following criteria: relevance to the conference theme, originality, overall coherence of selected papers with a view of producing engaging discussion. The organizers have publication plans for the presented papers. The precise format of publication will be discussed during the conference. Therefore, all selected contributions must be original and not published elsewhere. All presenters will be required to submit full papers in advance.
Accommodation for presenters will be provided. There are limited funds available to cover travel expenses. Please indicate while applying whether you would like to be considered for reimboursment of travel expenses and indicate if possible the approximate amount.
Abstracts should be no more than 500 words long; contain the name, institutional affiliation and contact details of the author; indicate a title of the presentation, questions to be addressed, methodology and overal approach. Abstracts should be sent by 15 March 2015 in Word format to Ekaterina Yahyaoui firstname.lastname@example.org and Zoi Aliozi email@example.com
For inqueries, please contact Dr Zoi Aliozi at firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract submission: 15 March 2015
Communication of decisions: 10 April 2015
Submission of draft papers: 1 November 2015
The conference is part of the project led by Dr Ekaterina Yahyaoui Krivenko entitled ‘International Protection of Human Rights as a Constitutional Issue: Problems, Prospects and Promises’ finacially supported by the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the EU’s 7th Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under REA grant agreement No PCIG13-GA-2013-618183