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This particular exchange caught my eye in the latest issue of the Human Rights Quarterly, in Thomas Krapf’s ”The Last Witness to the Drafting Process of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Interview with Stéphane Frédéric Hessel.”
Krapf: Did the authors of the Declaration, as they were working on the text, have any awareness that they might be missing opportunities of obtaining agreement on important issues?
Hessel: To begin with, let’s say that at the time there was a problem which was not even taken up. This is the issue of man’s relating to the planet; the issue, which today, we call environmental problems. Today, these have become extremely important. At that time they were not taken into account. It was believed that the resources of the earth could be exploited indefinitely, that it would be possible to continue developing all forms of growth without running the risk of many failures. Today, we know that these failures are looming, and that they are already very close at hand. Possibly, it will not be possible to live on this earth. For additional commentary on environmental devastation from a human rights perspective, see Dr. Joel Filartiga’s eloquent remarks quoted in the IntLawGrrl post Dr. Filartiga, torture and the environment.
Peter Hilpold (Univ. of Innsbruck – Law) has posted “The League of Nations and the Protection of Minorities – Rediscovering a Great Experiment” (Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, forthcoming). Here’s the abstract:
The First World War led to far-reaching borders changes in Europe. As a consequence, a series of new minorities was created. In order to make sure that these minorities were treated properly and to avoid the creation of new national conflicts several states had to assume obligations for the protection of these minorities. The whole system was put under the guarantee of the League of Nations. The resulting system was an extraordinary experiment. The basis for human rights protection that should start after the Second World War was formed. The resulting system caught enormous academic interest in that time. With the failure of this system interest for the League´s minority protection rules stopped nearly at once. When interest for minority protection started again, this time at the UN level, it seemed that a wholly new basis had been found and that the inter-war experiment had been totally futile. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
James Crawford (Univ. of Cambridge – Law) has published State Responsibility: The General Part (Cambridge Univ. Press 2013). Here’s the abstract:
Annexed to GA Resolution 56/83 of 2001, the International Law Commission’s Articles on Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts put the international law of responsibility on a sound footing. As Special Rapporteur for the second reading, James Crawford helped steer it to a successful conclusion. With this book, he provides a detailed analysis of the general law of international responsibility and the place of state responsibility in particular within that framework. It serves as a companion to The International Law Commission’s Articles on State Responsibility: Introduction, Text and Commentaries (Cambridge University Press, 2002) and is essential reading for scholars and practitioners concerned with issues of international responsibility, whether they arise in interstate relations, in the context of arbitration or litigation, or in bringing international claims.
Source: International Law Reporter
05 de agosto, 2013 — La Alta Comisionada de la ONU para los Derechos Humanos destacó la importancia de revisar los métodos de medición del cumplimiento de los ocho Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio.
Navi Pillay explicó que su Oficina está evaluando los métodos de recolección e interpretación de datos y el diseño de nuevos métodos de análisis y seguimiento para la agenda post-2015. Pillay señaló que “sin información adecuada y sin métodos de medición apropiados, los compromisos post-2015 solo serán esperanzas piadosas”.
En ese sentido, recordó que muchos países no tienen la capacidad de mantener programas de recolección de datos realmente eficaces y que es necesario realizar un esfuerzo conjunto para ayudar a esos países a desarrollar servicios estadísticos nacionales. Por último, abogó por impulsar medidas cuantitativas que evalúen cuestiones relevantes para el cumplimiento de los Objetivos y para los derechos humanos, como el buen gobierno, el Estado de derecho, la construcción de la paz y la violencia.
Recientemente, la Procuraduría de Justicia de la Ciudad de México adoptó indicadores de derechos humanos elaborados por la Oficina de Derechos Humanos de la ONU para garantizar el derecho a un juicio justo y evitar la tortura.
Fuente: Centro de Noticias ONU
The Gender Justice Shadow of Complementarity: Lessons from the International Criminal Court’s preliminary examinations in Guinea and Colombia
In early July 2013, Human Rights Watch reported that one of the alleged perpetrators of the 2009 Guinea stadium massacre, Lieutenant-Colonel Claude Pivi, has been charged with murder, rape and destruction of property. This was an important first step towards holding one of primary suspects of this atrocity to account. It was also a significant moment for the International Criminal Court (ICC), which in 2009 had commenced a preliminary examination –under the Rome Statute’s complementarity provisions – into this massacre, and the Guinean authorities efforts to bring to justice the perpetrators.
However, as we point out in a forthcoming article in the International Journal of Transitional Justice [forthcoming: Volume 7 (3)] the Guinean case also highlights the existence of a ‘gender justice shadow’ in relation to the ICC’s complementarity processes, especially in relation to the investigation and prosecution of crimes of sexual violence against women. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
Earlier today Anne Orford of the University of Melbourne Law School, JHH Weiler of the NYU School of Law, and Dino Kritsiotis of the University Of Nottingham School Of Law launched the Third Annual Junior Faculty Forum for International Law.
The Forum is designed to assist junior faculty, i.e. those within the first six years of their academic careers, with their research by staging an annual competition in which six to nine individuals will be selected and asked to make presentations to the Forum in a given year: these presentations will then be paired with senior international legal scholars, who will comment on each of the presentations given to the Forum, so that the papers are eventually worked up and prepared for publication in the European Journal of International Law.
The third Forum will be convened at the University of Melbourne on July 7, 8 and 9, 2014. The deadline for submission of applications is December 1, 2013. Further particulars of the process are now available on http://www.annualjuniorfacultyforumIL.org.
(Washington, D.C.) — Perú debería cumplir su obligación de respetar la independencia del Tribunal Constitucional y de la Defensoría del Pueblo adoptando un proceso de designación de sus miembros imparcial y objetivo, señaló hoy Human Rights Watch. El 17 de julio de 2013, el Congreso peruano nombró a seis nuevos miembros del Tribunal Constitucional de Perú, una nueva Defensora del Pueblo y tres miembros del Banco Central de Reserva. Los principales partidos políticos postularon a sus candidatos y luego el Congreso realizó una votación en “bloque”, sin analizar los méritos de cada uno ni efectuar una evaluación individual. Respetadas organizaciones locales de derechos humanos han impugnado el proceso de selección en la justicia, y han argumentado que expone a los candidatos designados a influencia política partidista. Leer el resto de esta entrada »