Últimas Actualizaciones del Evento

El Consejo de Derechos Humanos analiza la crisis en República Centroafricana

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20 de enero, 2014 — La crisis que vive en estos momentos la República Centroafricana tiene proporciones épicas que requiere una acción inmediata, afirmó hoy el Secretario General de la ONU coincidiendo con una sesión especial del Consejo de Derechos Humanos dedicada a ese país.

Ban Ki-moon alertó sobre la posibilidad de que la violencia actual degenere en atrocidades masivas, con consecuencias humanitarias irreparables.

Ban indicó en un comunicado que “no habrá reconciliación sin responsabilidades” y señaló que la ONU establecerá una Comisión Internacional de Investigación para documentar los abusos y las violaciones de derechos humanos cometidas en el país. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

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What would you put in a UK constitution?

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The UK has no constitution, or as every first year law student learns, it has no constitution written down in one grand document. Rather it has laws, conventions, practices, activities scattered all over the place that constitutional lawyers then gather together and describe as the UK constitution. This is unusual, to put it mildly.

Sure, there is a reason for it. Britain has never suffered the sort of defeat in war or other upheaval that produces a new constitution, nor has it ever had to free itself of colonial rule – it was always the coloniser. When it did have a revolution in the 17th century, constitutions were not yet in fashion. But most countries now have a written document that captures what a place is about and sets out how power is dispersed. You don’t have to be a democracy to have a constitution – look at Belarus and China. Nor do you need to be a republic – both Belgium and Sweden have monarchs for example. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Expertos urgen a elaborar tratado de paz para Siria basado en los derechos humanos

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IMG_089621 de enero, 2014 — Un grupo de seis expertos de la ONU en derechos humanos urgió a los participantes en la Conferencia de Paz para Siria, que comenzará este miércoles, a alcanzar un acuerdo que ponga fin a la violencia y que tenga como base el respeto de las garantías fundamentales.

En una carta abierta divulgada hoy, los relatores señalaron que la vida, el futuro y los derechos humanos de millones de civiles están en juego y pidieron apoyo y asistencia a todas las iniciativas positivas para solucionar el conflicto.

Los expertos pugnaron también por el restablecimiento del estado de derecho y garantizar la asistencia humanitaria a todos los que la necesiten. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Constitution UK

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Constitution UK is a trailblazing project that invites members of the public to participate in, offer advice on and eventually to draft a new UK constitution through crowdsourcing.

It is led by LSE’s Institute of Public Affairs (IPA) and Department of Law, together with the LSE Public Policy Group (PPG) and Democratic Audit. It builds on the IPA’s successful and ongoing Imagining One Nation Britain programme, on the Department of Law’s academic knowledge and the specialist excellence of PPG and Democratic Audit.

Professor Conor Gearty, Director of the IPA and Professor and Human Rights Law, explains the reasoning behind the project:

The UK has no constitution, or as every first year law student learns, it has no constitution written down in one grand document. Rather it has laws, conventions, practices, activities scattered all over the place that constitutional lawyers then gather together and describe as the UK constitution. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Reino Unido, bajo sospecha

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Un detallado informe internacional acusa a ministros y mandos militares durante los gobiernos de Tony Blair de consentir o ignorar «sistemáticos» abusos de tortura o tratos inhumanos de civiles y combatientes detenidos en Irak por tropas del Reino Unido.

El documento, de 250 páginas, recoge miles de alegaciones de maltrato físico, abusos sexuales, insultos y humillaciones de carácter religioso o cultural denunciadas por más de 400 iraquíes retenidos en zonas de control británico, entre 2003 y 2008.

Entre los abusos se han documentado el de la privación del sueño, alimentos y agua; largas horas en posiciones de extremo dolor; humillaciones sexuales y religiosas; golpes y simulaciones de ejecuciones, asfixia o electrocución.

“El trato abusivo continuó durante casi seis años de operaciones militares en Irak. Estas miles de alegaciones equivalen a crímenes de guerra de tortura o trato cruel, inhumano o degradante”, resalta el informe elaborado por el despacho de abogados británicos Public Interest Lawyers (PIL) en colaboración con el Centro Europeo de Derechos Constitucionales y Humanos (ECCHR), con sede en Berlín. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Strategies on moving to enforce and responding to letters rogatory in Ontario

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Introduction

Letters rogatory (also known as ‘letters of request’) provide a mechanism to request assistance from Canadian courts to compel oral or documentary evidence from Canadian non-party witnesses for the purpose of a foreign litigation. If the Ontario witness is uncooperative, the assistance of an Ontario court is required, because a foreign court has no jurisdiction – and foreign procedural law has no application – in Ontario. However, the Ontario courts have made clear that they will not tolerate fishing expeditions; nor will they rubberstamp letters rogatory applications. Rather, the court must exercise its discretion and reach its own conclusions with respect to the necessity and relevance of the information sought by the foreign party. To that extent, local counsel play a critical role in satisfying the court in Ontario that the letter rogatory should be enforced or resisted, as the case may be. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Conference in Copenhagen, International courts and national courts, politics and society – 11-12 September 2014

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IMG_0787El centro iCourts de la Danish National Research Foundation emitió un convocatoria para recibir propuestas académicas con motive de la conferencia “International Courts and National Courts, Politics and Society” que se llevará a cabo en la ciudad de Copenhague, Dinamarca, los días 11 y 12 de septiembre de 2014. Esta es la convocatoria:

Since the establishment of the first permanent international court in 1922, states have created more than 25 international judicial bodies. The trend toward international judicialization has accelerated after the end of the Cold War. States have established a cascade of international courts and tribunals, the mandates of which go well beyond peace and arbitration to cover issues as diverse as human rights, international criminal law, trade and investment. And new courts are being called for in issue-areas where they do not yet exist, such as the regulation of climate change or transnational corporate wrongdoing. Moreover, in some areas, courts have arguably managed to expand their authority beyond their original mandates, and engage not only in adjudicating, interpreting and monitoring international treaty compliance, but increasingly contribute to the making of international law. Leer el resto de esta entrada »