Últimas Actualizaciones del Evento

Derechos Humanos/ Human Rights

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IMG_0896Fuente: ONU

El Consejo de Derechos Humanos debate la privacidad en la era digital

12 de septiembre, 2014 — La era digital podría ser considerada como el mayor movimiento de liberación que el mundo jamás haya conocido. No obstante, las plataformas digitales se prestan a la vigilancia, la intercepción y la recopilación de datos, y generan profundas preocupaciones sobre las medidas que explotan esa situación.

Así lo afirmó este viernes, la Alta Comisionada Adjunta para los Derechos Humanos, Flavia Pansieri, en un panel sobre el tema celebrado en el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de la ONU en Ginebra.

Los expertos participantes destacaron que se trata de una de las cuestiones más importantes para el derecho moderno, ya que las tecnologías pueden ser usadas para buenos propósitos y también para violaciones de los derechos humanos, en particular del derecho a la privacidad.

Explicaron que esta es una garantía fundamental enlazada con el derecho a la libertad de expresión, de asamblea y asociación, además del de la salud y la sexualidad.

En este contexto, llamaron a establecer regulaciones en la materia para prevenir los efectos negativos. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

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Call for Papers/ Publicaciones

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IMG_0787Source: IntLawReporter

Darcy: Judges, Law and War: The Judicial Development of International Humanitarian Law
 
Shane Darcy (National Univ. of Ireland, Galway – Irish Centre for Human Rights) has published Judges, Law and War: The Judicial Development of International Humanitarian Law (Cambridge Univ. Press 2014). Here’s the abstract:
International courts and judicial bodies play a formative role in the development of international humanitarian law. Judges, Law and War examines how judicial bodies have influenced the substantive rules and principles of the law of armed conflict, and studies the creation, application and enforcement of this corpus of laws. Specifically, it considers how international courts have authoritatively addressed the meaning and scope of particular rules, the application of humanitarian law treaties and the customary status of specific norms. Key concepts include armed conflicts and protected persons, guiding principles, fundamental guarantees, means and methods of warfare, enforcement and war crimes. Consideration is also given to the contemporary place of judicial bodies in the international law-making process, the challenges presented by judicial creativity and the role of customary international law in the development of humanitarian law.
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Derecho Internacional/ International Law

Posted on Actualizado enn

E667E303-E527-42B7-8852-817CC3184CCBSource: IntLawGGRLS

8th Chautauqua Declaration
 
Adopted August 26, 2014, at the 8th International Humanitarian Law Dialogs:
Recognizing the continuing need for justice and the rule of law as the foundation to international peace and security, and cognizant of the legacy of all those who preceded us at Nuremberg and elsewhere:
Commending H.R.H. Prince Zeid Ra’ad Zeid Al-Hussein as the sixth recipient of the Joshua Heintz Humanitarian Award for his important and impressive service to humanity, and welcoming his recent appointment as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights;
Noting with sadness the recent passing of our esteemed colleague and friend Judge Hans-Peter Kaul, and recognizing his important contributions to international criminal justice;
Noting 150 years of international humanitarian law with the implementation of the First Geneva Convention in 1864;
Noting with grave concern the upsurge in violence against civilians in conflicts worldwide, the general lack of accountability for these crimes, and reiterating the need for compliance with international humanitarian law; Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Derechos Humanos/ Human Rights

Posted on Actualizado enn

IMG_0896Fuente: ONU

Consejo de Derechos Humanos de la ONU celebra sesión especial sobre Iraq

01 de septiembre, 2014 — El grupo Estado Islámico de Iraq y el Levante (EIIL) y sus asociados están sometiendo a la población civil en el norte de Iraq a violaciones de derechos humanos generalizadas e inimaginables, que pueden constituir crímenes de guerra, de acuerdo con la Oficina de Derechos Humanos de la ONU.

Las violaciones incluyen asesinato, tortura, conversiones forzadas, secuestros, la esclavitud, violencia sexual y física y el asedio de comunidades enteras sobre la base de su pertenencia étnica, religiosa o sectaria.

Al hablar ante el Consejo de Derechos Humanos en el inicio de una sesión especial sobre la situación en Iraq, la Alta Comisionada Adjunta para esas garantías, Flavia Pansieri, afirmó que el grupo militante había participado en el secuestro y el reclutamiento de niños como combatientes.

“Estos delitos inhumanos y odiosos constituyen un ataque grave y deliberado contra la dignidad humana y los derechos humanos, que pueden constituir crimenes contra la humanidad. A pesar de que este conflicto ha reducido severamente el control del Gobierno iraquí sobre grandes partes de su territorio, el Gobierno sigue teniendo la responsabilidad principal de proteger a todas las personas en su territorio, y debe esforzarse por cumplir sus obligaciones”, dijo Pansieri.

Un proyecto de resolución ante el Consejo solicita a la Oficina de Derechos Humanos de la ONU enviar una misión a Iraq para investigar las presuntas violaciones y abusos contra el derecho internacional cometidos por el ISIL y grupos terroristas asociados con miras a garantizar que rindan cuenta por sus atrocidades.
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Derecho Constitucional/ Constitucional Law

Posted on Actualizado enn

IMG_0901Fuente: auditoriajudicialandina

Juzgados Transparentes mostrarán fallos en internet. El objetivo es fortalecer el órgano judicial en crisis

-Bolivia-

4.433 resoluciones de jueces y juezas de Chuquisaca, Cochabamba y La Paz están en proceso de ser publicadas en internet.
Al menos 51 juzgados de tres distritos judiciales del país hacen públicas sus resoluciones en el marco del proyecto Juzgados Transparentes que promueven en Bolivia la Fundación Construir y la Comisión Andina de Juristas (CAJ). Recientemente en Cochabamba, autoridades judiciales y delegados de universidades y periodistas firmaron un acuerdo para viabilizar la sostenibilidad del proyecto.
La experiencia se inició en universidades peruanas, donde estudiantes de Derecho participaron en un programa de voluntariado que logró demostrar la posibilidad de implementar prácticas destinadas a promover la predictibilidad en las decisiones jurisdiccionales por medio de su publicación, vía Internet, los fallos que fueron entregados de manera voluntaria e individual por los jueces y juezas. El proyecto logró premios otorgados por el Banco Mundial. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Call for Papers/ Publicaciones

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IMG_0787Source: IntLawReporter

Jensen: The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf: Law and Legitimacy

Øystein Jensen (Fridtjof Nansen Institute) has published The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf: Law and Legitimacy (Brill | Nijhoff 2014). Here’s the abstract:
As the world’s coastal states go about dividing up the ocean floor, the work of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf plays an increasingly important role. The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf: Law and Legitimacy examines the Commission from two different but interrelated perspectives: a legal analysis of the Commission’s decision-making; and a study of normative legitimacy related to the Commission and its procedures. Insights into the history of the development of the concept of the continental shelf in the law of the sea are offered, including an explanation of how the institutionalized method for ascertaining continental shelf limits in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea came into being. Through a deep-ranging analysis of the Commission and its work, the book introduces a framework for assessing best practices, and will serve as a useful reference for academics, scientists and policymakers alike.

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Derecho Internacional/ International Law

Posted on Actualizado enn

E667E303-E527-42B7-8852-817CC3184CCBSource: Human Rights Watch

Thailand: Court Ruling Furthers Impunity

Stymies Victims’ Right to Redress for 2010 Violence
(New York) – A Bangkok criminal court’s dismissal of charges against former Thai leaders for their role in the violent crackdown on protesters in May 2010 is a serious setback for accountability efforts in Thailand, Human Rights Watch said today.
On August 28, 2014, the criminal court ruled that it had no jurisdiction to try former Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva and former Deputy Prime Minister Suthep Thaugsuban because they were political officeholders at the time. International human rights treaties to which Thailand is a party make clear that official status cannot justify immunity from legal responsibility for serious human rights violations. However, the court found that Abhisit’s and Suthep’s decisions to authorize security forces to use live ammunition had led to the high number of casualties and that dispersal operations did not follow international standards on the use of lethal force. Prosecutors can appeal the criminal court’s ruling denying jurisdiction.
“Letting Thailand’s leaders during the 2010 violence off the hook merely because of their positions is an affront to basic justice and international law,” said Brad Adams, Asia director. “No government or military leader should be allowed to escape accountability for killings and other serious abuses simply because of their position or rank. The ruling on excessive force by the security forces, which could open the door to criminal prosecutions of those involved in the bloody crackdown, was more promising.”
The Justice Ministry’s Department of Special Investigation (DSI) had charged Abhisit and Suthep with murder and attempted murder for ordering the military crackdown on protesters in 2010. The DSI filed the charges after inquests found that protesters were killed and wounded by gunshots fired by soldiers acting on the orders of the Center of the Resolution of the Emergency Situation (CRES), which Abhisit set up under Suthep’s command. The military crackdown on the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD), known as the “Red Shirts,” took place between April 7 and May 19, 2010, and resulted in at least 98 deaths and more than 2,000 injuries. Leer el resto de esta entrada »