Últimas Actualizaciones del Evento

Alta Comisionada insta a mejorar métodos de medición de las Metas del Milenio

Posted on Actualizado enn

05 de agosto, 2013 — La Alta Comisionada de la ONU para los Derechos Humanos destacó la importancia de revisar los métodos de medición del cumplimiento de los ocho Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio.

Navi Pillay explicó que su Oficina está evaluando los métodos de recolección e interpretación de datos y el diseño de nuevos métodos de análisis y seguimiento para la agenda post-2015. Pillay señaló que “sin información adecuada y sin métodos de medición apropiados, los compromisos post-2015 solo serán esperanzas piadosas”.

En ese sentido, recordó que muchos países no tienen la capacidad de mantener programas de recolección de datos realmente eficaces y que es necesario realizar un esfuerzo conjunto para ayudar a esos países a desarrollar servicios estadísticos nacionales. Por último, abogó por impulsar medidas cuantitativas que evalúen cuestiones relevantes para el cumplimiento de los Objetivos y para los derechos humanos, como el buen gobierno, el Estado de derecho, la construcción de la paz y la violencia.

Recientemente, la Procuraduría de Justicia de la Ciudad de México adoptó indicadores de derechos humanos elaborados por la Oficina de Derechos Humanos de la ONU para garantizar el derecho a un juicio justo y evitar la tortura.

Fuente: Centro de Noticias ONU

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The Gender Justice Shadow of Complementarity: Lessons from the International Criminal Court’s preliminary examinations in Guinea and Colombia

Posted on Actualizado enn

In early July 2013, Human Rights Watch reported that one of the alleged perpetrators of the 2009 Guinea stadium massacre, Lieutenant-Colonel Claude Pivi, has been charged with murder, rape and destruction of property. This was an important first step towards holding one of primary suspects of this atrocity to account. It was also a significant moment for the International Criminal Court (ICC), which in 2009 had commenced a preliminary examination –under the Rome Statute’s complementarity provisions – into this massacre, and the Guinean authorities efforts to bring to justice the perpetrators.

However, as we point out in a forthcoming article in the International Journal of Transitional Justice [forthcoming: Volume 7 (3)] the Guinean case also highlights the existence of a ‘gender justice shadow’ in relation to the ICC’s complementarity processes, especially in relation to the investigation and prosecution of crimes of sexual violence against women. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Third Annual Junior Faculty for International Law

Posted on Actualizado enn

Earlier today Anne Orford of the University of Melbourne Law School, JHH Weiler of the NYU School of Law, and Dino Kritsiotis of the University Of Nottingham School Of Law launched the Third Annual Junior Faculty Forum for International Law.

The Forum  is designed to assist junior faculty, i.e. those within the first six years of their  academic careers, with their research by staging an annual competition in which six to nine individuals will be selected and asked to make presentations to the Forum in a given year: these presentations will then be paired with senior international  legal scholars, who will comment on each of the presentations given to the Forum, so  that the papers are eventually worked up and prepared for publication in the European Journal of International Law.

The third Forum will be convened at the University of Melbourne on July 7, 8 and 9, 2014. The deadline for submission of applications is December 1, 2013. Further particulars of the process are now available on http://www.annualjuniorfacultyforumIL.org.

Source:IntLawGrrls

Perú debe asegurar la selección imparcial de jueces y del defensor del pueblo

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(Washington, D.C.) — Perú debería cumplir su obligación de respetar la independencia del Tribunal Constitucional y de la Defensoría del Pueblo adoptando un proceso de designación de sus miembros imparcial y objetivo, señaló hoy Human Rights Watch.  El 17 de julio de 2013, el Congreso peruano nombró a seis nuevos miembros del Tribunal Constitucional de Perú, una nueva Defensora del Pueblo y tres miembros del Banco Central de Reserva. Los principales partidos políticos postularon a sus candidatos y luego el Congreso realizó una votación en “bloque”, sin analizar los méritos de cada uno ni efectuar una evaluación individual. Respetadas organizaciones locales de derechos humanos han impugnado el proceso de selección en la justicia, y han argumentado que expone a los candidatos designados a influencia política partidista. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

US Pledges to Double Access to Power in Africa

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Just 5 days after President Obama announced his climate action plan for the United States, on June 30, the White House announced a new initiative that plans to double access to electricity in select countries of sub-Saharan Africa.  This initiative, Power Africa, states that it will build on the power potential of these countries, namely their newly discovered oil and gas reserves, while also developing an array of clean energy technologies.  In the “first phase,” the initiative will work with Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, and Tanzania.  The United States pledged to commit more than $7 billion over the next five years to realize this goal.

President Obama’s climate action plan states that, “it is imperative for the United States to couple [climate change] action at home with leadership internationally.”  With this goal, Power Africa could serve as the perfect opportunity to start doing just that; through helping areas in sub-Saharan Africa that lack access to power, while also trying to significantly reduce emissions and prepare for climate impacts internationally. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Buchan: International Law and the Construction of the Liberal Peace

Posted on Actualizado enn

Russell Buchan (Univ. of Sheffield – Law) has published International Law and the Construction of the Liberal Peace (Hart Publishing 2013). Here’s the abstract:

This book argues that since the end of the Cold War an international community of liberal states has crystallised within the broader international society of sovereign states. Significantly, this international community has demonstrated a tendency to deny non-liberal states their previously held sovereign right to non-intervention. Instead, the international community considers only those states that demonstrate respect for liberal democratic standards to be sovereign equals. Indeed the international community, motivated by the theory that international peace and security can only be achieved in a world composed exclusively of liberal states, has engaged in a sustained campaign to promote its liberal values to non-liberal states. This campaign has had (and continues to have) a profound impact upon the structure and content of international law. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Justice in the UK: back to the 1930s?

Posted on Actualizado enn

The Birmingham six, The Guildford Four, the families of Jimmy Mubenga and Jean Charles de Menezes and Stephen Lawrence and many more have fought for justice in Britain after wrong doing by the police, local or national government. The British public has keenly followed attempts to address these injustices, which have ranged from unlawful killing to wrongful imprisonment. All of these cases depended on the availability of well-qualified, dedicated lawyers who were able to access government legal aid funds to gather evidence to right the wrongs committed by public officials or contractors against individuals resident in the UK.

Yet, given the sweeping reforms that it wants to implement with little parliamentary debate or scrutiny this autumn, the government seems convinced that the public neither loves, nor needs, legal aid ‘now it’s 64’. Thousands of people – citizens and migrants alike – could potentially suffer from miscarriages of justice in our prisons, immigration detention centres, youth offenders institutions, psychiatric units and on our streets at the hands of government agencies, from the Metropolitan Police’s anti-terrorism branch to Hillingdon Council. Leer el resto de esta entrada »