Asamblea General de la ONU

Derechos Humanos/ Human Rights

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mundo_07La Asamblea General celebra el 50º aniversario de la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos

Fuente: Naciones Unidas

19 de noviembre, 2016.
Hace 50 años, los Estados miembros de la ONU adoptaron dos documentos que sentaron las bases para la protección de las garantías fundamentales de todas las personas del mundo: la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos y la Carta Internacional de Derechos Humanos.

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Derecho Internacional/ International Law

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E667E303-E527-42B7-8852-817CC3184CCBSource: Ejiltalk

The Security Council and Humanitarian Relief in Opposition-Held Territories

Over the past year, the Security Council has repeatedly demanded all parties to the armed conflict in Syria, particularly the Syrian authorities, to allow and facilitate humanitarian relief operations across conflict lines and across borders (see resolution 2139 and a presidential statement) – but with little success. In its latest resolution the UN Security Council decided – for a period of 180 days – “that the United Nations humanitarian agencies and their implementing partners are authorized to use routes across conflict lines and [specific] border crossings … in order to ensure that humanitarian assistance” reaches people in need in Syria. The Security Council also decided to establish a monitoring mechanism in neighbouring countries in order to confirm the humanitarian nature of the relief consignments.
Resolution 2165 was adopted as international humanitarian law experts continue to debate whether aid may be lawfully delivered cross-border to opposition-held territories without the consent of the host state. While some (here and here) contend that the issue is clear-cut – with consent being required – the only thing that does seem clear-cut is the lack of consensus. Others, including one of the present authors, argue a case exists for cross-border assistance without consent under certain conditions. This latter view has been supported by the former President of the International Humanitarian Fact Finding Commission and co-author of an authoritative commentary on the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions, Professor Bothe, in an unpublished study provided to the UN. A group of prominent legal experts have made even bolder claims in a recently published open letter. So while international lawyers continue to sharpen their pencils, resolution 2165 supplements IHL by invoking the authority of the Security Council to fill in the gaps left by IHL’s uncertainties on cross-border aid in non-international armed conflict.
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The World’s Largest Minority

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Around 10% of the world’s population live with a disability. They are the world’s largest minority.

On 17 July 2013, the Conference of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) opened its 2013 session at the United Nations. The CRPD came into force in 2008 and provides an important legal platform for addressing the global short-comings towards ensuring the full and equal participation of persons with disabilities in an inclusive society as well as ensuring their human rights. Pointing to the link between disability protection, poverty and development, this year’s focus is on empowerment. In two months the General Assembly will hold a high-level meeting on disability and development. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Asamblea General destaca urgencia de mecanismo regulador de migraciones

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15 de julio, 2013 — El presidente de la Asamblea General de la ONU subrayó hoy la necesidad del establecimiento de un mecanismo internacional que regule los flujos migratorios, por ser éste un tema que afectará el futuro de casi todas las naciones de la Tierra.

Vuk Jeremic hizo esas declaraciones durante las audiencias interactivas en las que organizaciones de la sociedad civil aportaron sugerencias para ser consideradas durante el diálogo de alto nivel que la Asamblea General celebrará sobre en tema el 4 de octubre.

Indicó que la globalización ha dado lugar a una nueva era de movilidad y que en la última década el número de migrantes internacionales ha aumentado de 150 millones a 214 millones. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Vidmar: Palestine and the Conceptual Problem of Implicit Statehood

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Jure Vidmar (Univ. of Oxford – Law) has posted Palestine and the Conceptual Problem of Implicit Statehood (Chinese Journal of International Law, forthcoming). Here’s the abstract:

The General Assembly has accorded to Palestine the status of a non-member observer state in the UN. Some commentators have taken the position that Palestine’s legal status as a state has thus been confirmed. This article draws on historical examples to demonstrate that the status of non-member state is not necessarily granted only to states. The recent vote in the General Assembly, therefore, neither confirmed nor altered the legal status of Palestine.

But irrespective of this vote, Palestine nevertheless has a previously-acquired international capacity to act like a state and can, inter alia, become a party to the ICC Statute and bring a case to the ICJ. Such a capacity could be seen as an implicit confirmation of statehood. This article, however, demonstrates that state creation cannot be an implicit side-effect of international treaties or voting procedures in international organizations. Not even (full) membership of the UN is an exception.

Source: International Law Reporter

ASIL Insights: Legal Implications of the UN General Assembly Vote to Accord Palestine the Status of Observer State

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Introduction

On November 29, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly voted to accord Palestine the status of Non-Member State observer. As a formal matter, Palestine’s designation has changed from that of an observer “entity” to that of an observer “state.” In terms of Palestine’s rights of participation in the General Assembly, the resolution changes little. The significance of the resolution lies in its broader impact on the question of Palestinian statehood in international law.

This Insight provides follow-up to the 2011 Insight by examining the significance of the vote in the context of the United Nations as it affects the broader issue of statehood. It concludes with a discussion of implications for possible investigation and prosecution by the International Criminal Court (“ICC”). Leer el resto de esta entrada »

SPEECH COMPETITION: The Rights and Responsibilities of Global Interdependence

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There is a growing consensus concerning our global interdependence. What is less clear is what sort of a global civics is necessary and feasible for us to navigate our growing interdependence.

Article 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrines everyone’s right to an international order where inherent dignity and rights of all are fully realized. Brookings Institution and the United Nations Academic Impact (UNAI) invite university students from around the world to ponder these vital questions, and to imagine a speech that would be made by the Secretary-General to the opening of the next session of the General Assembly.

The submissions, of up to 1500 words in length, should address what responsibilities we can all take on towards people who happen not to be our compatriots, and what rights we can claim as we work to solve global problems together in a shared culture of intellectual social responsibility. Leer el resto de esta entrada »