Derecho Penal

Derechos Humanos/ Human Rights

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imagesEl Consejo de Europa aprueba un convenio de Derecho Penal

Fuente: El Economista
10 de mayo, 2017
El Consejo de Europa ha aprobado un nuevo convenio de Derecho Penal para prevenir y combatir el tráfico y la destrucción ilícitos de bienes culturales, dentro de las acciones para combatir terrorismo y delincuencia organizada. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Cuatro millones de sentencias a disposición del ciudadano

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IMG_0736El Poder Judicial, a través del Centro de Documentación Judicial (Cendoj), pone cuatro millones de sentencias de todos los tribunales españoles a disposición del ciudadano de forma libre y gratuita. A eso habrá que añadir más de 9.000 publicaciones, muchas de las cuales antes se editaban en papel y ahora se podrán consultar y descargar en la página web del Consejo General del Poder Judicial (www.poderjudicial.es), que ha sido completamente rediseñada.

La primera vez que se habló de este tema, hace cinco años, los vocales del anterior Consejo del Poder Judicial Javier Laorden y Javier Martínez Lázaro anunciaron que las sentencias a disposición del público eran algo más de un millón. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Llegó la hora de evaluar la efectividad del sistema penal acusatorio: Minjusticia

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IMG_0893El ministro de Justicia, Alfonso Gómez Méndez, aseguró que llegó el momento de hacer una revisión del sistema penal acusatorio, con respecto a sus dos principales metas: agilizar el procedimiento penal y hacer efectivo el principio de libertad como una norma y no como una excepción.

El funcionario invitó a los colombianos a “despenalizar la mente”, no solo de cara a los diálogos de paz, sino también para entender que no todas las tensiones sociales se deben resolver con cárcel. En su opinión, la política criminal colombiana está concebida como una política represiva, cuando debería estar enfocada a la prevención. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

International Criminals: Extradite or Prosecute?

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Briefing Paper
Miša Zgonec-Rožej and Joanne Foakes, July 2013

Download paper here

  • International courts do not have the resources or the powers to prosecute all perpetrators of international crimes.
  • Various treaties impose obligations on states to extradite or prosecute a person found in their territory who is suspected of certain specific offences. This obligation is known as aut dedere aut judicare.
  • For the ‘core crimes’ of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, there is a treaty-based obligation aut dedere aut judicare only for grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol I. For the other core crimes it is questionable whether customary international law imposes such an obligation.
  • The obligation aut dedere aut judicare is distinct from the principle of universal jurisdiction, which provides a basis for prosecution but does not, in itself, imply any obligation to extradite or prosecute.
  •  Immunity of state officials, which acts as an obstacle to the exercise by a state of its jurisdiction, could, in practice, preclude the effective application of the obligation to extradite or prosecute.
  •  For the core crimes of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity a treaty imposing an international obligation on states to extradite or prosecute would help to bring perpetrators to justice.

 

Source: Chatham House

Rules, Politics, and the International Criminal Court

Posted on Actualizado enn

Why did states decide to create the International Criminal Court (ICC) and design it with a uniquely strong enforcement mechanism that can punish noncompliant behavior?  After all, by joining the ICC, states agree that the court may investigate, arrest, prosecute, and punish state nationals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes should the ICC conclude the state is unwilling or unable to do so domestically.

One may not be surprised that more than 100 states have joined one of the many international human rights treaties with weak enforcement mechanisms that require the state to only self-report compliance. But, why would states–particularly states with poor human rights practices–join the ICC and risk having their citizens tried in The Hague?  On the other hand, if states that most need to improve their protections against human rights  abuses do not join the court, is there any hope that the threat of punishment by the ICC can help improve state practices and deter individuals from committing mass atrocities? Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Write On! Cassese Initiative Prize for Papers on New Perspectives in International Criminal Law

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The Antonio Cassese Initiative for Justice, Peace and Humanity was founded to continue Antonio Cassese’s legacy and to promote global education, training, and research in the areas of human rights, peace, international justice, transitional justice, and development. To further its mission, the Cassese Initiative has issued a call for papers on new perspectives in international criminal law.

Abstracts, limited to 400 words, are due July 1st, 2013.  Note that papers will be accepted only from students and young professionals under the age of 30.

Five abstracts will be selected and the authors will be invited to elaborate upon their ideas in a paper of around 8000 words.  From these papers, one will be awarded the Cassese Initiative Prize and the author will receive a collection of books from Oxford University Press and her paper will be submitted for publication in the Journal of International Criminal Justice.

For more information on the Cassese Initiative, click here.
For more information on the Call for Papers, click here.

Source: IntLawGrrls

BOOK: From the Judge’s Arbitrium to the Legality Principle: Legislation as a Source of Law in Criminal Trials

Posted on Actualizado enn

Duncker & Humblot published a volume edited by Georges Martyn (UGent), Anthony Musson (Exeter) and Heikki Pihlajamäki (Helsinki) in the Comparative Studies in Continental and Anglo-American Legal History Series. The book (407 p., € 89,90) covers the legality principle in criminal affairs.

Abstract:

The legality principle characterizes all western legal systems, and it has become an integral part of the Western rule of law and the international human rights law. The principle dates back to enlightened jurists such as Cesare Beccaria and to social contract thinkers such as Charles de Secondat de Montesquieu, according to whom judges were to act only as the mouthpiece of the statutory law. Leer el resto de esta entrada »