Human Rights

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Call for Papers: Hope in International Law and Human Rights  

Source: International Law Reporter

March 01, 2019

 The International Law and Human Rights Unit of the School of Law and Social Justice at the University of Liverpool has issued a call for papers for its Third Postgraduate Conference in International Law and Human Rights, to take place June 17-18, 2019. The theme is: “Hope in International Law and Human Rights.” The call is here.

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Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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Vermont lawmakers approve abortion rights Bill           

Source: Jurist

February 22, 2019

-United States-

The Vermont House on Thursday passed a bill intended to protect the legality of abortion in the event the Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade.

H.57 passed late Thursday evening by a 106-36 vote, following Wednesday’s six-hour debate on the proposal of the bill.

Under the bill, women in Vermont would have access to abortions without any restrictions. The bill prohibits government interference and the prosecution of anyone who induces, performs or attempts to perform an abortion. The bill also states that:

Every individual has the fundamental right to choose or refuse contraception or sterilization. Every individual who becomes pregnant has the fundamental right to choose to carry a pregnancy to term, give birth to a child, or to have an abortion. A fertilized egg, embryo, or fetus shall not have independent rights under Vermont law.

H.57 is expected to head to the Senate in mid-March.

Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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Europe rights court to hear challenge to UK bulk data collection           

Source: Jurist

February 05, 2019

-United Kingdom-

 The Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) agreed Monday to hear a challenge to the bulk data surveillance regime employed by UK intelligence agencies.

A lower chamber of the court ruled in September that the UK’s surveillance practices violated human rights law but ruled that the process of bulk data collection itself did not violate the European Convention on Human Rights. Now, the groups behind the challenge are seeking a definitive ruling against bulk collection from the ECHR’s highest chamber. The civil and digital groups and charities include LibertyPrivacy International and Amnesty International.

In the September hearing, the lower chamber of the court ruled that the data collection (or interception) regime violated European Convention on Human Rights Article 8 (the right to respect for private and family life/communications) and Article 10 (the right to freedom of expression and information).

However, the lower chamber declined to call the regime unlawful on the grounds of being “general and indiscriminate” retention of data. The groups behind the new challenge argue that the lower chamber dd not go far enough, and that an overarching judgment is needed to fundamentally change the way the UK approaches the collection and surveillance of personal data.

Caroline Wilson Palow, general counsel at Privacy International, called on the court to “reject these mass surveillance practices and find that they are fundamentally incompatible with the rights to privacy and freedom of expression enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights.”

The future of the challenge is uncertain, as the wait for a hearing from the Grand Chamber could take several years. In addition, it is uncertain whether the UK will still be party to the ECHR by that time given the country’s efforts to exit the EU. While the ECHR is separate from the EU, some in the UK’s Conservative party have advocated pulling out of the Convention in addition.

Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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21 states urge Supreme Court to hear Alabama abortion case 

Source: Jurist

February 05, 2019

-United States-

 The Attorneys General from 20 states and the Governor of Kentucky filed an amicus brief with the US Supreme Court Monday asking the court to hear an Alabama abortion case.

The Alabama law outlaws the use of dilation and evacuation abortions. The method is most often used during weeks 15 to 18 of a pregnancy. Louisiana, Arkansas, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas and West Virginia have enacted similar laws.

The brief argues that Alabama has the right to regulate the method of abortion because the state “has an interest in protecting and fostering respect for human life, including unborn life,” and the state has “the power to regulate the medical profession, including on matters of medical judgment and ethics connected to abortion.”

The lower court overturned the law, calling three methods of fetal demise before the abortion as being “infeasible.” The brief argues that “it has no constitutional obligation to guarantee that the remaining alternative abortion methods are medically equivalent. Rather, the state retains the authority to balance the medical tradeoffs against its interest in respect for unborn life.”

The Attorney Generals included in the amicus brief represent Louisiana, Georgia, Arizona, Idaho, Arkansas, Indiana, Florida, Kansas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, South Carolina, Missouri, South Dakota, Montana, Texas, Nebraska, Utah, North Dakota, West Virginia and Ohio.

Several abortion laws have faced legal challenges in the US in recent months. Also on Monday, Indiana’s Attorney General filed a petition to the US Supreme Court requesting the Court to hear a case involving an Indiana law that requires an ultrasound be performed at least 18 hours before receiving an abortion. In January, the Center for Reproductive Rights filed an emergency appeal to the US Supreme Court to hear a case regarding an Louisiana law that requires abortion physicians to have admitting privileges at a hospital within 30 miles of the procedure.

Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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Ethiopia legislature grants refugees new rights                               

Source: Jurist

January 18, 2019

  Ethiopia’s House of Peoples’ Representatives passed a law on Thursday that will grant expansive rights to the nation’s refugee population. 

These rights include the right to “obtain work permits, access primary education, obtain drivers’ licenses, legally register life events such as births and marriages and open up access to national financial services, such as banking.” 

Ethiopia hosts approximately 900,000 refugees, Africa’s second-largest refugee population (after Uganda). These refugees have been largely confined to 26 refugee camps across the nation. The new law allows the refugees to leave the camps to seek housing and employment. Ethiopia has been working to create more jobs for citizens and refugees through its Jobs Compact, an investment effort through the World Bank to encourage Ethiopia’s development.

Ethiopia’s Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs led the effort to draft the new legislation, in conjunction with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Ethiopia’s new legislation closely follows the UN General Assembly’s enactment of a Global Compact on Refugees in December of 2018.

The UNHCR praised the new law in a statement: “By allowing refugees the opportunity to be better integrated into society, Ethiopia is not only upholding its international refugee law obligations, but is serving as a model for other refugee hosting nations around the world.”

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Call for Applications – 2019 Program of Advanced Studies on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

Source: https://www.ejiltalk.org/announcements-cfa-program-of-advanced-studies-on-human-rights-and-humanitarian-law-cfp-2019-human-rights-essay-award-competition/

December 16, 2018 The Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law is happy to announce its call for applications to the 2019 Program of Advanced Studies on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, taking place from May 28 – June 14. This annual Program offers 18 courses in English and Spanish, lectured by over 40 scholars of relevance in the field of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, and gathers more than 125 participants from over 25 different countries and with different levels of professional experience. The Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law provides through this Program the unique opportunity to learn and interact with judges of the International Criminal Court, the International Court of Justice, Special Rapporteurs of United Nations, members of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, experts from prominent NGO’s and professors from all over the world. The application form for this program is available here. All courses can be taken for ABA credits. For more information please contact hracademy {at} wcl.american(.)edu

Derecho Internacional / International Law

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austria + eu.jpgTop EU Court rules Austria must give same benefits to refugees as its citizens

Source: Jurist

23 de noviembre, 2018

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled Wednesday that the Austrian government must give the same social security benefits to refugees as it does to its residents. Leer el resto de esta entrada »