Human Rights

Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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21 states urge Supreme Court to hear Alabama abortion case 

Source: Jurist

February 05, 2019

-United States-

 The Attorneys General from 20 states and the Governor of Kentucky filed an amicus brief with the US Supreme Court Monday asking the court to hear an Alabama abortion case.

The Alabama law outlaws the use of dilation and evacuation abortions. The method is most often used during weeks 15 to 18 of a pregnancy. Louisiana, Arkansas, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas and West Virginia have enacted similar laws.

The brief argues that Alabama has the right to regulate the method of abortion because the state “has an interest in protecting and fostering respect for human life, including unborn life,” and the state has “the power to regulate the medical profession, including on matters of medical judgment and ethics connected to abortion.”

The lower court overturned the law, calling three methods of fetal demise before the abortion as being “infeasible.” The brief argues that “it has no constitutional obligation to guarantee that the remaining alternative abortion methods are medically equivalent. Rather, the state retains the authority to balance the medical tradeoffs against its interest in respect for unborn life.”

The Attorney Generals included in the amicus brief represent Louisiana, Georgia, Arizona, Idaho, Arkansas, Indiana, Florida, Kansas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, South Carolina, Missouri, South Dakota, Montana, Texas, Nebraska, Utah, North Dakota, West Virginia and Ohio.

Several abortion laws have faced legal challenges in the US in recent months. Also on Monday, Indiana’s Attorney General filed a petition to the US Supreme Court requesting the Court to hear a case involving an Indiana law that requires an ultrasound be performed at least 18 hours before receiving an abortion. In January, the Center for Reproductive Rights filed an emergency appeal to the US Supreme Court to hear a case regarding an Louisiana law that requires abortion physicians to have admitting privileges at a hospital within 30 miles of the procedure.

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Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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Ethiopia legislature grants refugees new rights                               

Source: Jurist

January 18, 2019

  Ethiopia’s House of Peoples’ Representatives passed a law on Thursday that will grant expansive rights to the nation’s refugee population. 

These rights include the right to “obtain work permits, access primary education, obtain drivers’ licenses, legally register life events such as births and marriages and open up access to national financial services, such as banking.” 

Ethiopia hosts approximately 900,000 refugees, Africa’s second-largest refugee population (after Uganda). These refugees have been largely confined to 26 refugee camps across the nation. The new law allows the refugees to leave the camps to seek housing and employment. Ethiopia has been working to create more jobs for citizens and refugees through its Jobs Compact, an investment effort through the World Bank to encourage Ethiopia’s development.

Ethiopia’s Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs led the effort to draft the new legislation, in conjunction with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Ethiopia’s new legislation closely follows the UN General Assembly’s enactment of a Global Compact on Refugees in December of 2018.

The UNHCR praised the new law in a statement: “By allowing refugees the opportunity to be better integrated into society, Ethiopia is not only upholding its international refugee law obligations, but is serving as a model for other refugee hosting nations around the world.”

General

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Call for Applications – 2019 Program of Advanced Studies on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

Source: https://www.ejiltalk.org/announcements-cfa-program-of-advanced-studies-on-human-rights-and-humanitarian-law-cfp-2019-human-rights-essay-award-competition/

December 16, 2018 The Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law is happy to announce its call for applications to the 2019 Program of Advanced Studies on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, taking place from May 28 – June 14. This annual Program offers 18 courses in English and Spanish, lectured by over 40 scholars of relevance in the field of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, and gathers more than 125 participants from over 25 different countries and with different levels of professional experience. The Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law provides through this Program the unique opportunity to learn and interact with judges of the International Criminal Court, the International Court of Justice, Special Rapporteurs of United Nations, members of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, experts from prominent NGO’s and professors from all over the world. The application form for this program is available here. All courses can be taken for ABA credits. For more information please contact hracademy {at} wcl.american(.)edu

Derecho Internacional / International Law

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austria + eu.jpgTop EU Court rules Austria must give same benefits to refugees as its citizens

Source: Jurist

23 de noviembre, 2018

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled Wednesday that the Austrian government must give the same social security benefits to refugees as it does to its residents. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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300px-Rainbow_flag_and_blue_skiesMassachusetts, A Leader in Transgender Human Rights Protections    

Source: Jurist

November 26, 2018

-United States-

In the recent voting, Massachusetts heartily defeated a referendum that would have rolled back state transgender protections. In 2004, Massachusetts was the first state to recognize marriage equality. Subsequently, the Commonwealth enacted legislation to advance protections for members of the LGBTQ community. In 2011, Massachusetts passed legislation protecting those who identify as non-straight from discrimination in housing, employment, credit and public education. The legislation determined gender to “mean a person’s gender-related identity, appearance or behavior, whether or not that gender-related identity, appearance or behavior is different from that traditionally associated with the person’s physiology or assigned sex at birth.” Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

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usaThe Impacts of the Shifting Definition of Sex Under the Law     

Source: Jurist

November 04, 2018

-United States-

While transgender people have existed since the dawn of time, the last decade has seen an increasing spotlight on the community and transgender people’s right to recognition and protection. While this has taken on many different angles, federal and state administrations have come under scrutiny in the last few weeks for choices to exclude transgender people from everyday protections. In Kansas, a lawsuit was recently filed against the state actors who enforce policies that do not allow transgender people to amend their birth certificates to recognize their gender identity. At the federal level, a leaked memo obtained by the New York Times showed that the Department of Health and Human Services is working to redefine nondiscrimination provisions based on sex under Title IX to exclude transgender people.  Leer el resto de esta entrada »

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imagesNew Americas Treaty Boosts Environmental Rights      

Source: Human Rights Watch

October 10, 2018

A new treaty to deepen the link between environmental protection and human rights in Latin America and the Caribbean has the potential to reduce the conflicts that lead to the murders of so many environmental defenders in the region.  Leer el resto de esta entrada »