Justicia Global

Transnational Judicial Dialogue

Posted on Actualizado enn

The MultiRights program at the University of Oslo in Norway hosted a conference on Transnational Judicial Dialogue which included participants from law, political science, and philosophy.

Papers addressed to what extent judges cite foreign and/or international case law and norms in their own decisions.  Courts from Eastern Europe, Latin America, and Canada were examined.

The idea of transnational judicial dialogue was portrayed as a cosmopolitan project, but concerns were raised about hierarchical tendencies and the impact of culture, language, power, or other factors impacting citation tendencies.  There was a panel of national judges, including Lord Carnwath of the UK Supreme Court (who explained how he faced appeals from different corners of the earth involving Maori law or the Napoleonic code), Andreas Paulus of the Bundesverfassungsgericht (who noted that in a case involving the right of refugee children to education, there was no international authoritative guidance available so the court had to set the standard itself), and Rafaele Sabato of the Court of Cassation of Italy (who explained how contradictory positions among the different national courts rendered application of European standards impossible).  Leer el resto de esta entrada »

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Between Cosmopolis and Community: Globalization and the Emerging Basis for Global Justice

Posted on Actualizado enn

Frank J. Garcia
Boston College – Law School
May 15, 2013

New York University Journal of International Law and Politics (JILP), Forthcoming
Boston College Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 298

Abstract:

Globalization is fundamentally transforming economic and social relations but its impact has yet to be fully realized in jurisprudence and political theory. In this article I argue that globalization is creating new normative possibilities by developing the social basis for a truly “global” justice, thereby transcending the objections most commonly raised by contractarian and communitarian critics. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Webb: International Judicial Integration and Fragmentation

Posted on Actualizado enn

Philippa Webb (King’s College London – Law) has published International Judicial Integration and Fragmentation (Oxford Univ. Press 2013). Here’s the abstract:

Fragmentation is one of the major debates within international law, but no detailed case studies have been made to show the problems that it creates, and how they can be addressed. This book asks whether the growing number of international judicial bodies render decisions that are largely consistent with one another, which factors influence this (in)consistency, and what this tells us about the development of international law by international courts and tribunals. It answers these questions by focusing on three areas of law, genocide, immunities, and the use of force, as in each of these areas different international judicial entities have dealt with cases stemming from the same situation and set of facts. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

El Día de la Justicia Internacional, Más que la Justicia Penal

Posted on Actualizado enn

Durante la primera Conferencia de Revisión del Estatuto de Roma, llevada a cabo en Kampala, Uganda, en Junio de 2011, los Estados partes decidieron unánimemente reconocer la fecha del 17 de julio como el Día de la Justicia Internacional. Esta fecha conmemora la adopción del Estatuto de Roma, tratado por medio del cual se creó la Corte Penal Internacional, y pretende impulsar el compromiso de los Estados en la lucha contra la impunidad de los crímenes internacionales.

La investigación y sanción de los responsables de graves violaciones de los derechos humanos y del derecho internacional humanitario es importante por razones éticas, jurídicas, políticas e institucionales. La sanción penal contribuye asimismo al restablecimiento del derecho a la justicia y de la dignidad de las víctimas.
Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Alter: The Multiple Roles of International Courts and Tribunals: Enforcement, Dispute Settlement, Constitutional and Administrative Review

Posted on Actualizado enn

Karen J. Alter (Northwestern Univ. – Political Science) has posted The Multiple Roles of International Courts and Tribunals: Enforcement, Dispute Settlement, Constitutional and Administrative Review (in International Law and International Relations: Synthesizing Insights from Interdisciplinary Scholarship, Jeffrey L. Dunoff & Mark A. Pollack eds., forthcoming). Here’s the abstract:

This chapter is part of an upcoming interdisciplinary volume on international law and politics. The chapter defines four judicial roles states have delegated to international courts (ICs) and documents the delegation of dispute settlement, administrative review, enforcement and constitutional review jurisdiction to ICs based on a coding of legal instruments defining the jurisdiction of 25 ICs. I show how the design of ICs varies by judicial role and argue that the delegation of multiple roles to ICs helps explain the shift in IC design to include compulsory jurisdiction and access for nonstate actors to initiate litigation.

I am interested in the multiple roles ICs play because they allow us to appreciate the many different contributions ICs make to international politics. ICs do oversee state compliance with international agreements, but this is not all they do. Finally, I explain the relevance of this analysis for two prevalent debates regarding ICs; 1) whether we should conceive of ICs as Agents or Trustees and 2) whether compulsory jurisdiction and private litigant access for ICs inherently features undermine national sovereignty.

Source: International Law Reporter

Universal Jurisdiction Revisited: An alternative to the International Criminal Court?

Posted on Actualizado enn

On July 1, the International Criminal Court (ICC) turned ten years old. This milestone prompted much analysis and some mixed reviews of the court’s performance. The ICC recorded its first verdict in March 2012, but there are serious concerns about its procedure and efficiency, patchy international endorsement, and perceived bias. These challenges will be compounded by funding issues and an increased workload as the court faces an uncertain role in the legal fallout from a slew of recent internal conflicts—especially Syria. (Click here to see the Ethics & International Affairs interview with Antonio Franceschet on the ICC’s ten-year anniversary).

The International Court of Justice and the UN Human Rights Commission have called for Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad to face trial at the ICC. The New York Bar Association recently wrote a letter to the UN Security Council urging it to refer Syria to the ICC: “Because Syria is not a signatory to the Rome Statute, any crimes committed by the Syrian government…threaten to go unpunished absent Security Council action.”  There must be a Security Council mandate to refer a case to the ICC, as was the case with Gaddafi and Libya, but Russia and China continue to block this route.
Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Fondo de Impacto sobre la Salud

Posted on Actualizado enn

Un plan para cambiar la salud mundial

Por Mariana Carbajal

Thomas Pogge es uno de los filósofos “globales” más reconocidos del momento. Nació en Alemania pero vive desde hace tres décadas en Connecticut, Estados Unidos. Aunque, en realidad, últimamente ha pasado más tiempo volando que en tierra firme. Desde que comenzó el año, recorrió el equivalente a cinco vueltas al mundo con un objetivo primordial: promover el Fondo de Impacto sobre la Salud (The Health Impact Fund), una nueva propuesta para estimular la investigación y desarrollo de fármacos para las llamadas enfermedades de la pobreza, las olvidadas, que afectan a millones de personas pobres en el planeta, como la malaria, el dengue y, en la Argentina, particularmente el Mal de Chagas, cuya cura no es un desafío para los grandes laboratorios dado que los potenciales clientes-pacientes tienen sus billeteras vacías. Leer el resto de esta entrada »