Parlament

Derecho Constitucional / Constitucional Law

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Egypt parliament committee approves amendments extending presidential term       

Source: Jurist

February 8, 2019

An Egyptian parliamentary committee on Tuesday gave preliminary approval to constitutional amendments that would allow President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to remain in office until 2034.

Many Egyptian opposition parties have expressed their disapproval and have reportedly formed a coalitionagainst the proposed changes.

Egypt’s Conservative party said in an official statement on Wednesday that it decided to reject the constitutional amendments proposed by a fifth of the parliament’s deputies.

The proposed amendments lack any credible philosophy, not to mention that they lead to undermining some of the main principles preserved by Egypt’s 2014 Constitution, such as maintaining the independence of the judiciary, striking a balance among powers, and establishing a mixed parliamentary-presidential system.

It is joined by the leftist Tagammu Party and the Egyptian Socialist Democratic party, which both have expressed their rejection of the proposal as well.

The committee also approved other proposed constitutional amendments, including the formation of a senate, a second chamber of parliament, maintenance of youth and special percentages and a woman quota in the parliament that should not be less than 25 percent.

The 596-seat assembly will take their final vote on February 17, before having a national referendum.

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Derecho Constitucional / Constitucional Law

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Myanmar parliament to set up committee to review proposed constitutional amendments    

Source: Jurist

February 06, 2019

 Myanmar’s parliament voted Wednesday to set up a committee to discuss proposed amendments to the constitution.

This vote comes one week after the National League for Democracy (NLD) submitted an emergency proposal to parliament detailing suggested amendments to the constitution. The suggestions were offered on the basis that the 2008 constitution is undemocratic.

The vote to approve the committee was supported by 414 of the available 611 voting lawmakers, making this the biggest challenge to the military’s power in three years.

The proposed amendments put forward by the NLD include recommendations to amend the nomination of members of Defense Services, instead enabling the people to elect such members. There are also suggestions to remove certain restrictions on voting and qualifications to run for office. The NLD in the proposal refers to the constitutions of other nations as examples to follow in ensuring a constitution in support of a democratic nation.