Bruselas, 12 dic (EFE).- El abogado general del Tribunal de Justicia de la UE, Pedro Cruz Villalón, ha afirmado hoy que la directiva europea de conservación de datos es “incompatible” con el derecho comunitario, al vulnerar la privacidad de los ciudadanos sin incluir las limitaciones necesarias sobre dicha injerencia.
El abogado general se ha pronunciado así sobre la directiva europea vigente desde 2006 sobre la conservación de datos generados o tratados en relación con la prestación de servicios de comunicaciones electrónicas de acceso público o de redes públicas de comunicaciones. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
La reforma de los convenios colectivos aprobada el pasado viernes introduce el arbitraje forzoso para resolver los conflictos laborales. Es transitorio y solo entrará en acción cuando las negociaciones se bloqueen, una vez que empresarios y sindicatos hayan consumido los plazos marcados. España no va a ser una excepción: el recurso a la mediación o al arbitraje para resolver los conflictos laborales y no acudir a juicio está muy extendido en Europa, tanto en la UE como en el resto del continente. Pero la obligatoriedad de ese arbitraje sí es una rareza en el continente: solo Estonia y Grecia aplican ese grado de exigencia, además de España a partir de ahora, en una medida que suscita serias dudas sobre su constitucionalidad. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
Wouters, Odermatt, & Ramopoulos: Worlds Apart? Comparing the Approaches of the European Court of Justice and the EU Legislature to International Law
Jan Wouters (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven – Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies), Jed Odermatt (KU Leuven – Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies), & Thomas Ramopoulos (KU Leuven – Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies) have posted Worlds Apart? Comparing the Approaches of the European Court of Justice and the EU Legislature to International Law. Here’s the abstract:
This paper examines and compares the approaches taken by the European Court of Justice and the EU legislature towards international law. Although the Court and legislature are tasked with different roles, such a comparison is warranted, especially since many of the complex legal problems facing the EU regarding international law in recent years have arisen in part due to a growing divergence between the two approaches.
We begin by looking at the EU Treaties. Although little guidance is given on how international law is to be applied within the EU legal order, the Treaties are not entirely silent. Numerous references to international law and multilateralism, especially those included post-Lisbon, guide the Court and the legislature, helping to minimize inconsistencies between their approaches. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
After a range of articles on the issue, a monograph has now been published on the EU’s forthcoming accession to the ECHR. The book, written by Paul Gragl of the City University of London, is entitled ‘The Accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights’ (Hart Publishing). This is the abstract:
After more than 30 years of discussion, negotiations between the Council of Europe and the European Union on the EU’s accession to the European Convention on Human Rights have resulted in a Draft Accession Agreement. This will allow the EU to accede to the Convention within the next couple of years.
As a consequence, the Union will become subject to the external judicial supervision of an international treaty regime. Individuals will also be entitled to submit applications against the Union, alleging that their fundamental rights have been violated by legal acts rooted in EU law, directly to the Strasbourg Court. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
Cortés Martín: European Exceptionalism in International Law? The European Union and the System of International Responsibility
José Manuel Cortés Martín (Universidad Pablo de Olavide – Law) has posted European Exceptionalism in International Law? The European Union and the System of International Responsibility (in Responsibility of International Organizations Essays in Memory of Sir Ian Brownlie, Maurizio Ragazzi ed., forthcoming). Here’s the abstract:
Is a new custom emerging in favor of the existence of a special responsibility rule for regional economic integration organization (REIO) based on normative control? According to this special rule, the conduct of a State that executes acts under the normative control of a REIO could be considered an act of that organization under International law, taking account of the nature of the organization’s external competence and its international obligations in the field where the conduct occurred. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
Evans & Koutrakos: The International Responsibility of the European Union: European and International Perspectives
Malcolm Evans (Univ. of Bristol – Law) & Panos Koutrakos (City Univ. London – Law) have published The International Responsibility of the European Union: European and International Perspectives (Hart Publishing 2013). The table of contents is here. Here’s the abstract:
How is the international responsibility of the European Union determined? In the context of the multilayered and ever evolving Union legal order, the Lisbon Treaty has introduced considerable changes to the Union’s participation in international affairs. These have rendered this thorny question an even more pressing concern not only for the European Union and its Member States but also for third countries and international organisations. Leer el resto de esta entrada »
It has taken some time, not just because of the legal complexities but also because of political reasons, but now it is finally there: this past Friday the Draft Agreement on Accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights (see page 4 and further for the Agreement itself) was finalised. Negotiations had started in July 2010, but the idea had been floated as early as the 1970s. Under he more recent the Treaty of Lisbon, accession became a legal obligation for the European Union. No wonder then, that thepress release of the Council of Europe speaks of a “milestone reached”.
Over at the Council of Europe, Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland, even referred to the milestone as “the missing link”:
“This is a decisive step, paving the way to EU accession to the European Convention of Human Rights. It will contribute to the creation of a single European legal space, putting in place the missing link in the European system of fundamental rights protection”.
The meeting report of the final negotiations between the Steering Committee for Human Rights (CDDH) of the Council of Europe and the European Commission can be foundhere and the final report to the CDDH can be retrieved here.
Are we there yet, then? No, not at all. As required under internal EU law, the Court of Justice of the EU will now be asked to give its opinion, since this is an international agreement between the Union and other parties. After that the Council of the European Union will unanimously have to agree (these are the state representatives, as opposed to the Commission which undertook the negotiations). And then of course, all ECHR state parties will have to ratify as well. Please note that the Draft Accession Agreement is the key text within a wider package. There will also be a draft declaration by the EU; a draft Rule to be added to the Rules of the Committee of Ministers for the supervision of the execution of judgments and of the terms of friendly settlements in cases to which the EU is a party; a draft model of Memorandum of Understanding; and a draft explanatory report to the Accession Agreement. Leer el resto de esta entrada »