USA

Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

Posted on

file0001652481771Kansas sued over policy preventing gender change on birth certificate                

Source: Jurist

October 18, 2018

-United States-

Lambda Legal filed a lawsuit Monday challenging a Kansas birth certificate policy that prevents transgender individuals from changing the gender designation on their birth certificates. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

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Derechos Humanos / Human Rights

Posted on Actualizado enn

usaUS government blocked from discontinuing protections for immigrants

Source: Jurist

Octubre 05, 2018

-United States-

A judge for the US District Court for the Northern District of California issued a temporary injunction on Wednesday that bars the Trump administration from discontinuing a program that gave Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to immigrants from certain countries. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Derecho Internacional / International Law

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2_14_NACIONES_GLa Corte Internacional de Justicia ordena a EE.UU. que levante ciertas sanciones contra Irán   

Fuente: Naciones Unidas

04 de octubre, 2018

El tribunal de La Haya pide al Gobierno de Donald Trump que retire las sanciones contra a las importaciones de bienes y productos humanitarios y los servicios relacionados con la seguridad de la aviación civil. Los jueces consideran que todas esas restricciones pueden tener un impacto perjudicial grave en la salud y la vida de los quienes viven en el país. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Derecho Constitucional / Constitucional Law

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derecho_02Federal appeals court upholds Louisiana abortion restriction law          

Source: Jurist

September 27, 2018

-United States-

The US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit [official website] on Wednesday upheld [opinion, PDF] a Louisiana abortion law “requiring abortion providers to have admitting privileges at a hospital located within thirty miles of the clinic where they perform abortions.”

The court contrasted the Louisiana law, Unsafe Abortion Protection Act [Act factsheet], with the US Supreme Court’s 2016 decision in Whole Woman’s Health [JURIST report], which struck down a restrictive Texas abortion law, saying it passes munster under the Supreme Court’s standards. In support of the decision, the court explained some of the key differences:

[T]here is no evidence that any of the clinics will close as a result of the Act. In Texas, the number of women forced to drive over 150 miles increased by 350%. Driving distances will not increase in Louisiana. Unlike the record in Louisiana, the record in Texas reflected no benefits from the legislation. Finally, because of the closures, the remaining Texas clinics would have been overwhelmed, burdening every woman seeking an abortion. In Louisiana, however, the cessation of one doctor’s practice will affect, at most, only 30% of women, and even then not substantially.

The court assessed the constitutional challenge to determine whether under the Act, “in a large fraction of the cases in which the law is relevant, it will operate as a substantial obstacle to a woman’s choice.” The court determine that the state’s legitimate interest in protecting maternity health and unborn humans, did not substantially burden the large fraction of women seeking abortions in Louisiana.

The court’s opinion overturned the district court, which determined the Act was facially unconstitutional.

Since the Whole Woman’s Health decision, federal courts have shown willingness to uphold legislation that meets the specific criteria. Earlier this month, the US Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit reversed [opinion, PDF] a lower court’s decision that required [JURIST report] the clinics set up to provide abortions be designated as ambulatory surgery centers and that doctors who provide abortions must have admitting privileges at local hospitals.

Derecho Ambiental / Environmental Law

Posted on Actualizado enn

pipeline_1534446488Native Americans file lawsuit claiming Keystone XL pipeline violates treaty boundaries

Source:Jurist

12/09/2018

Two Native American communities filed a lawsuit [complaint, PDF] in theUS District Court for the District of Montana [official website] on Tuesday alleging President Donald Trump’s administration will violate the tribes’ treaty rights when it permits TransCanada to build the Keystone XL Pipeline. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Derecho Ambiental / Environmental Law

Posted on Actualizado enn

usaFederal judge blocks first northwest grizzly hunt in 44 years     

Source: Jurist news

August 31, 2018

-United States-

US District Judge Dana Christensen in the District of Montana [official website] on Thursday ordered [text, PDF] an immediate halt to a scheduled grizzly bear hunt near Yellowstone National Park in Montana and Idaho—what would have been the first grizzly hunt since 1974. Leer el resto de esta entrada »

Derecho Internacional /International Law

Posted on Actualizado enn

la hayaIrán contra Estados Unidos: inician audiencias orales en La Haya

Fuente: Blog Derecho Internacional CR

27 de agosto, 2018

Irán contra Estados Unidos: inician audiencias orales en La Haya

Este 27 de agosto del 2018 iniciaron en La Haya las audiencias orales entre Irán y Estados Unidos ante la Corte Internacional de Justicia (CIJ), con relación a la demanda (véase texto completo en inglés) interpuesta el pasado 16 de julio por Irán a raíz de las sanciones norteamericanas unilaterales contra Irán anunciadas el pasado 8 de mayo. Como es sabido, estas sanciones norteamericanas fueron repudiadas por el resto de la comunidad internacional, con una única excepción (algo previsible): Israel. Las autoridades de Israel y de Estados Unidos anunciaron precisamente este misma semana su alianza para reforzar las sanciones contra Irán (véase nota del Times of Israel del 29/8/2018).  Leer el resto de esta entrada »